How do animals get their food

How do animals get their food

Contents

  • 1 How do herbivores get their food?
    • 1.1 Types of herbivores
    • 1.2 Characteristics of herbivores
  • 2 How do carnivores get their food?
    • 2.1 Characteristics of carnivores
  • 3 How do carnivores get their food?
    • 3.1 Characteristics of carnivores
  • 4 references


  • Related
  • How do plants get food?
  • Feeding living organisms

How do herbivores get their food?

Herbivores feed on living organisms or autotrophic products, that is, they depend for their food on organisms that can make their own food, including plants and algae, so herbivores occupy the second level in the food chain that describes the transfer of energy Among living things, while products occupy the first level, carnivores and carnivores occupy the third level, [1] and known examples of herbivores; Cows, horses, giraffes and iguanas.

types of herbivores

Some herbivores feed on any plant material they get, such as: elephants that eat tree bark, twigs, roots and fruits, in addition to herbs, while some herbivores specialize in eating only certain parts of the plant, such as: bees that feed. On flower nectar and pollen, aphids that feed on plant sap only, [1] and examples of some herbivorous species specialized in eating certain parts of plants: [3]

  • Fruit Eaters: (English: Frugivore); They are herbivores that primarily feed on fruit, examples of which are fruit bats and the giant fruit bat also known as the flying fox.
  • Leaf eaters: (English: Folivore); They are herbivores that feed mainly on foliage, examples are the panda, koala, and giraffe.
  • wood food: in English: Xylophages); Examples include; Termites and long-horned Asian beetles.
  • Insect eaters: (English: Detritivore); They are herbivores that consume dead organic matter including decomposing plant and animal remains, fungi and algae, an example is the earthworm.

characteristics of herbivores

Herbivores often have physical properties that help them eat tough and difficult to digest plant materials due to the presence of a cell wall surrounding their cells, and the most important of these characteristics are the following: [1]

  • Many herbivorous mammals have broad molars that help them grind leaves and herbs.
  • Ruminants - one of the types of herbivores - such as: sheep and deer have a stomach divided into 4 chambers that enable them to digest plant matter very efficiently; Where the digestion process begins in the first chamber, which contains bacteria that break down and soften the plant particles, then the food returns to the mouth again and is chewed again, then moves to the second chamber, where there are chemicals that help with difficult digestion of plant materials, and from there to the third chamber , then to the fourth.

How do carnivores get their food?

Carnivores depend for their diet on the meat of the animals they hunt, and the prey of carnivores is often herbivores, but from time to time they eat other carnivores, or carnivores, [4] and are classified as carnivores. . According to the degree of their consumption of meat into 3 types, which are as follows: [5]

  • Superior or superior carnivores: (English: Hypercarnivores); They are carnivores whose diet consists of at least 70% meat, and are also known as obligatory carnivores, examples include polar bear, lion, tiger and snake. Medium carnivores:
  • (English: Mesocarnivores); They are omnivores and their diet consists of at least 50-70% of meat, the rest of their food consists of vegetables, fruits, fungi and nuts, these animals are small to medium in size, examples are fox and raccoon. Minimum cartilage:
  • (English: Hypocarnivores); They are omnivores, but meat makes up less than 30% of their diet, and most of their food consists of grains, plants, fruits, roots, and nuts. Characteristics of carnivores

Here are the main characteristics that characterize carnivores:

Most carnivores have huge incisor teeth that enable them to cut through the meat and tendons of prey very efficiently. They also have powerful mouths and jaws that enable them to break the bones and cartilage of prey. [5]

  • Most carnivores have a large skull.
  • Most carnivores have sharp eyesight and hearing.
  • Most carnivores are characterized by the ability to run nimbly and at a high speed. [6]
  • Possesses predatory birds. Like eagles and owls, they have powerful hooked beaks and powerful claws and sharp claws. [5]
  • Carnivores have evolved hunting behaviors that enable them to capture and immobilize their prey, for example, wolves use their sharp teeth, owls use their claws, snakes use venom, and spiders wrap their prey with threads to immobilize it. [7]
  • Carnivores have short digestive systems, including the large intestine, which is short and simple in structure.
  • How do continental animals get their food?

Carnivores depend on plants as the main source of energy, but they also consume meat on a regular basis, and therefore they differ from herbivores that are forced to eat meat in exceptional circumstances, ill-equipped to digest some of the substances contained in grains or other plants that do not produce fruits. [9]

The group of gargoyles includes many animals that are believed to be herbivores, such as: squirrels that feed mainly on nuts, fruits and seeds, but sometimes feed on insects and small birds, and also include animals that are believed to be carnivores, such as: red foxes feed mainly on Rabbits, but they also eat fruit, and the group of gargoyles includes most birds, including fat birds and ostriches, many mammals, including humans, skunks, some reptiles, such as: the box turtle, some fish such as: opals, and some insects such as: ants. [10]


Characteristics of carnivores

Here are the most important characteristics of carnivores:

He owns some bottles. Like the raccoon, it has sharp front teeth that enable it to cut meat, large molars that enable it to chew plants, and it also has long fingers that enable it to hunt its prey and reach fruits and plants at the same time. [ 10]

  • The digestive system of rats is less complex than that of herbivores, but it is also not as simple as the digestive system of carnivores, which can be considered an intermediate state between the two species. Capable of processing some plant materials, dealing with more solid plant materials; Leave it as is and dispose of it as waste instead of trying to digest it. [11]
  • Biologists can survive and thrive in a variety of environments; thanks to its ability to adapt to living in places where prey abounds; which areas are suitable for carnivores to live, areas where plants abound; These are suitable areas for herbivores to live.

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