types of snakes

 
types of snakes

Content

  • 1 types of snakes
    • 1.1 The Arabid family
    • 1.2 The snake family
    • 1.3 Al-Ahnach family
    • 1.4 Python family
    • 1.5 Family of ancestry
  • 2 references


  • Related
  • What are the types of snakes?
  • The largest species of snakes.

 types of snakes 

Snakes are divided into two main categories, poisonous snakes, which, contrary to popular belief, make up a small percentage in the snake world, as the types of poisonous snakes do not exceed (700) types of the total number of types. of snakes, which is approximately (2900) species, and most venomous snakes do not produce enough venom to kill a human, while non-venomous snakes do not produce venom, but make up for it with the strength of their muscles which they use to kill their prey. . [1]

Arab family

The Elapid family of snakes includes sixty genera and more than (300) types of poisonous snakes, and they constitute approximately (10%) of all live snake types and (50%) of poisonous snake types. [2] [3] Arboviruses spread in tropical and semi-tropical regions and are characterized by producing a type of venom that attacks and destroys the nervous system of prey; Therefore, it is known to be a neurotoxin, and the canines of the crow are hollow, firm, and do not bend backwards. Among the most famous snakes in the world: [4]

  • The Black Mamba (English: Black Mamba), scientifically known as Dendroaspis polylepis, and contrary to what its name suggests, is olive, gray or brown, and sometimes khaki in color, and is the fastest snake in the world.
  • The King Cobra (in English: King Cobra), scientifically known as Ophiophagus Hannah, is the longest venomous snake on Earth; Some of them reach a length of (5.6 m - 5.7 m), while their average length is (3-4) meters, and they are distributed in the regions of Southeast Asia.
  • The Eastern Green Mamba is scientifically known as Dendroaspis angusticeps and is known by various names, such as green mamba and white-mouthed mamba. It is a very poisonous arboreal snake found in East Africa. The females of the green mamba are usually longer than the males; The average length of the male is (1.8) meters, while the average length of the female is two meters.
  • Western Green Mamba (English: Western Green Mamba or Halloween's green mamba), scientifically known as Dendroaspis viridis, spread mainly in coastal areas of tropical rainforests and forest regions in West Africa. ) meters.
  • The pale cobra, or red spitting cobra (English: Red spitting cobra), is scientifically known as Naja Pallida and is characterized by poisons produced by a mixture of neurotoxins and cellular toxins.
  • The Indian Cobra (in English: Indian Cobra), known scientifically as Naja Naja.
  • The white cobra, also known as the yellow cobra (English: Cape Cobra), is scientifically known as Naja Nivea.
  • Egyptian cobra (in English: Egyptian cobra), scientifically known as Naja haje.
  • The Mozambique Spitting Cobra, scientifically known as Naja mossambica.
  • Texas coral snake, scientifically known as Micrurus Tener.

Snake family

All types of the viper family (English: Viperidae) are poisonous snakes, and have long, hollow fangs, which can bend at the back of the roof of the mouth when the mouth is closed and when the snake opens its mouth. . , the fangs extend forward, which is different from the canines of the orphans that are fixed, Among the most famous snakes are: [5]

  • Russell's viper, scientifically known as Daboia Russelii.
  • The saw-scale viper, scientifically known as Echis Carinatus.
  • Bush Viper, scientifically known as Atheris Squamigera.
  • McMahon's Vipers, scientifically known as Eristicophis Macmahonii.
  • False horned viper, scientifically known as Pseudocerastes.
  • The Copperheads snake, scientifically known as Agkistrodon Contortrix.
  • Water moccasin, scientifically known as Agkistrodon Piscivorus.
  • The Red Diamond rattlesnake, scientifically known as Crotalus Ruber.
  • Rough-scaled Bush Viper, scientifically known as Atheris Hispida.
  • European common viper, scientifically known as Vipera Berus.
  • The Blowing Serpent (English: Puff Adder), scientifically known as Bitis Arietans.
  • The horned viper, scientifically known as Bitis Caudalis.
  • Western Diamondback Rattlesnake, scientifically known as Crotalus Atrox.
  • The eastern diamondback rattlesnake, scientifically known as Crotalus Adamanteus.
  • Black-tailed rattlesnake, scientifically known as Crotalus Molossus.
  • Gabon Viper (in English: Gaboon Viper), scientifically known as Bitis Gabonica.
  • The South American Bushmaster snake, scientifically known as Lachesis Muta.
  • The rhinoceros viper (in English: Rhinoceros Viper), scientifically known as Bitis nasicornis.
  • The eyelash viper, scientifically known as Bothriechis Schlegelii, is named after the eyelashes themselves because of the scales above the eye.
  • Temple Pit Viper, scientifically known as Tropidolaemus Wagleri.
  • Mojave rattlesnake, scientifically known as Crotalus Scutulatus.

Al-Ahnaash family


The Colubridae family is the largest of the snake families;
It includes (304) genera and (1938) species of snakes, which make up two-thirds of the snakes in the world, and the snakes are scattered on every continent in the world except Antarctica. It is not located in the front of the mouth, but forms an angle at the back of the mouth.
Among the most famous species of the Ahnash family are:

[6]
  • The scarlet snake, scientifically known as Cemophora Coccinea, is a non-venomous snake.
  • The Desert Kingsnake, scientifically known as Lampropeltis Getula Splendid, is a contemporary snake.
  • California Kingsnake, scientifically known as Lampropeltis Getula Californiae.
  • The corn snake, scientifically known as Pantherophis Guttatus, is one of the contemporary snakes.
  • Western Whip Snake (English: Western Coachwhip), scientifically known as Masticophis Flagellum.
  • The rough green snake, scientifically known as Opheodrys Aestivus, is also called the green snake.
  • Ribbon Snake (in English: Ribbon Snake), scientifically known as Thamnophis Sauritus.
  • Milk snake, scientifically known as Lampropeltis Triangulum.
  • The gray-banded king snake, scientifically known as Lampropeltis Alterna, is a non-venomous snake.
  • King Rat Snakes, scientifically known as Elaphe Carinata, and also called stink snake; This is because it secretes a foul-smelling substance from a gland near the anus.
  • The black rat snake (in English: black rat snake), scientifically known as Pantherophis Obsoletus, is one of the contemporary snakes.
  • Tree snake (English: Boomslang), scientifically known as Dispholidus Typus, and is one of the poisonous snakes.

python family


Python (containing family in
English: Pythonidae) in (8) races and 26 species of snakes,
no -
toxic, and the
spread of
these snakes in the Asia, Africa, Australia, and Python sections:

[7]
  • The true pythons (English: The True Pythons) are one of the violent snakes, especially the females that become very aggressive when it comes to protecting their eggs. Its prey and begins to pressure it until it suffocates, and its types are:
    • The reticulated python, scientifically known as the python reticulatus, is the longest snake and reptile in the world. The length of the adult reticulated snake can reach 6.95 meters.
    • The carpet python, scientifically known as Morelia Spilota.
    • The ball python, scientifically known as Python Regius, is called a ball snake because when threatened, it wraps itself up like a ball.
    • The Burmese python (English: Burmese python), scientifically known as Python Bivittatus, is native to Myanmar (Burma).
    • The Angolan python (in English: Angolan python), scientifically known as Python Anchietae, is native to Angola and Namibia.
    • The Borneo short-tailed python, scientifically known as Python Breitensteini, is endemic to the island of Borneo.
    • Blood Python, scientifically known as Python Brongersmai.
    • The Sumatran short-tailed python, scientifically known as Python Curtus.
    • The Indian python (in English: Indian python), scientifically known as Python Molurus.
    • African Rock Python, scientifically known as Pythonse Baesebae.
  • Python Timor (English: Timor Pythons), scientifically known as Python Timoriensis.
  • Children's Python, scientifically known as Antaresia Childreni.
  • Papuan Python, scientifically known as Apodora Papuana.
  • Bismarck's ringed pythons, scientifically known as Bothrochilus
  • White-lipped pythons, scientifically known as Leiopython Hoserae.
  • Water Python (English: Water Python), scientifically known as Liasis.
  • Tree Python, scientifically known as Morelia.

ancestry family


All the species of the family of the boas or boas (English: Boidae) are not poisonous, but succulent. The boa wraps its prey and begins to squeeze it until its heart stops beating, and the most famous types are:

[8]

  • The green anaconda (in English: Green anaconda), scientifically known as Eunectes Murinus, is the largest snake in the world.
  • Emerald tree boa, scientifically known as Corallus caninus.
  • The Pink Boa, scientifically known as Lichanura Trivirgata.
  • The yellow snake, or Jamaican boa, is scientifically known as Epicrates.