The first thing that dogs need is a respect for your authority and leadership. One of the ways dogs react to weak leadership is to get out in front and pull vigorously, usually with the human in tow. When the human stops to think about what they are doing, many times the dog will get upset and try to go back to what it was doing before. It is a natural reaction for a dog to try to take charge, but it should not be confused with true disobedience. true disobedience is where the dog makes the leader look bad. While not wearing the proper chain collar and with the leash dragging, the dog should not be praised or given a treat.
chain collars are not cruel, but fit the training technique appropriately. For proper fitting and use, the chain collar should be placed well up on the neck, easily removable so as not to tug at the throat while being used.
It is very important to the dog to be trained and it is probably one of the most important pieces of advice anyone can give. Any young dog that tries to pull on the leash and not respond to the voice command to come back to the owner should be considered a major problem. When this happens, many owners tend to give the leash a quick jerk, ending up with the end of the leash in their hand as they yell "Come." In doing this, they are effectively giving the leash a gentle tug. This is certainly not what the owner wants and the dog then runs further and further away from the owner then steps one back closer to the owner. Remember, what the owner wants is for the dog to return to the owner. He/she wants the dog to do the command right. Using a gentle tug on the leash is the stress reliever that keeps the owner from completely freak out.
The owner needs to know when the dog is successfully returning to the owner. For many dogs, it is a pleasant experience to have the leash on and to be able to see where they are going. Some dogs are never fully returning if they are off the leash, even if that leash is only being pulled when they are making a decision to come back to the owner. For those dogs, there needs to be some help from the owner. For those dogs that are able to return to the owner with some level of distance and make that decision, a little more training is needed.
Many owners have heard about clicker training and have wondered why it doesn't seem as effective as reward training. The answer is very simple. Reward training is based on getting the dog to perform a behavior and has them doing it for a reward. Many times, when people are trying to get their dog to put their toys away, they are giving them a reward for doing so. While what the dog is actually learning is that if they amble over to the toy, rather than past it, they will eventually get a reward. It is almost a formula that never works. Why would you expect a dog to put a toy away and bring it to you, when you have given them a treat for doing so? So, reward training is effective because you are basically training the dog to perform the behavior, for a reward, which in turn, allows the dog to amble over to the toys and get that reward.
So, if you grab the leash and take your dog out for a walk, have them sit and when you are ready, call "All Clear". If your dog looks up at you, reward them. If they look away, you can withhold the reward. Gradually, your dog is going to learn to sit when you call rather than before and wonder where you want them to go. That is the goal, regardless of what age your dog is. So, reward training is the best way to go.