What is a tick? - Information about them, ways of living, food, environment, breeding and reproduction, the animal world

tick classification

Do you know what is a tick? Ticks, scientific name (Ixodida), belong to the families Argasidae and Ixodidae, belong to the family Arthropoda, describe spiders (Arachnida), and the order Anactinotrichidea.

Morphological characteristics of ticks

Ticks have many morphological characteristics, the most prominent of which are the following:

The tick is characterized by its small size. It’s the size of a grain of sand. The larva is less than a millimeter long, the nymphs are the size of a pinhead and 1-2 mm long, and the adult tick is 2-10 mm long.

Ticks are gray, brown, black, reddish-brown or yellowish in color.

The face of a tick consists of several parts that it uses to draw blood into its internal system, in addition to the fact that this insect looks disfigured after sucking blood.

Young ticks before feeding have a round, oval, teardrop-shaped body afterwards.

  • legs and wings

Ticks when they are born grow two feet, plus six legs after puberty; Thus, it has eight legs, and does not have any wings or antennas.

What is tick
What is tick

Behavioral characteristics of ticks

The behavioral characteristics of different species of ticks differ, and they are as follows:


Some species of ticks are active all year round, although others prefer warm climates and are more active in spring and summer; For example, deer ticks remain active in the fall and spring periods, and their numbers increase in the early days October.

The time that ticks are active during the same day varies according to their species; Some are active in the early morning and evening, and some are active during the day.

the hunt

All species of ticks take one method of hunting, which is to wait for their prey. They climb over the grass or the edges of objects, waiting for the passage of prey.[] Fishing methods are slightly different for different species, as follows:

Hard-shelled tick

A hard-shelled tick cannot jump up or down; So he crawled into the grass or on the edges of the leaves in search of parasitizing prey, and stood with his front legs outstretched; to catch prey.

When prey comes to him, the tick grabs it by its front foot, then crawls with it to reach its exposed skin to feed on it.

American dog tick

Humans are bitten by a female American dog tick, and their young and old can transmit diseases such as: Rocky Mountain fever and tularemia.

food tick

Ticks at all stages of their life feed mainly on blood. That is, they parasitize on the human body and feed on blood after sticking to the skin.[] It can also feed on mammals, birds, reptiles, and amphibians.

What is tick
What is tick

Tick ​​Reproduction

Adult ticks reproduce by going through the following stages:

  • The tick mates after obtaining its own food, which is blood, and then drops from the body on which it has parasitized; Find a suitable place where the eggs are laid in the form of clumps, and then they die.
  • The larvae hatch later, and then move up the lawn to wait for a mammalian host to feed on its blood.
  • The larvae fall off and attach to a host (mostly mammals) after the scent of soap suds stimulates them to stick to it.
  • The larvae separate from him after they need blood, and become eight-legged nymphs.
  • Nymphs wait for another host, which feeds in the same way as larvae, until they fall off and turn into adult males and females.

Tick ​​infestation sites

Ticks can live in all regions of the world, found in elevated areas, forested and grassy areas, and can also be found in urban settings, on beaches and coasts, and wet areas close to the ground such as the trunks of fallen trees. Branches, long twigs, and grassy areas.

Ticks are also found in gardens, fields, parks, residential areas, among wood piles, high grass areas, treetop areas, damp stone walls, litter piles and foliage, as well as bird food.

Some species of ticks, such as the brown dog tick, tend to live inside homes or kennels, and soft ticks live inside caves, rural huts and where rodents are located or burrowed, and they can live on the bodies of pets while they sleep, and there are reports of many ways to get rid of ticks. Dogs, neither species.

The most common type of tick

Here are the most common types of ticks and information about them:

  • American dog tick

This tick is brown in color, the males are spotted and the females have a white carapace. They are spread east of the Rocky Mountains, throughout the East Coast, Gulf, Pacific coast, and parts of Alaska. Adult females of this species are among the most dangerous; Because of its ability to bite in the spring and summer.

Characterized by its reddish-orange color and dark black arms and legs, this tick is spread throughout the eastern United States, and the central, northern and southern regions of the United States. Such as cattle, mice and deer.

  • brown dog tick

The name of this tick refers to the color of its body, which is brown, and this species lives on the bodies of dogs and in their homes or homes where dogs are spread all over the world, and this type is famous for transmitting the Spotted Rocky Mountains fever, Q fever, rickettsial disease, etc., and to get rid of it must be sterilized Pets in homes and where dogs live.

  • American tick

It is distinguished by its black legs, and is found in California, and other western states such as Oregon, Washington, among others. They are also found in wooded and grassy areas, among fallen leaves and tree trunks, among others. It transmits many diseases, such as: Lyme disease, Borrelia miamotoi disease, Babesia disease, and Ehrlich disease.

It is a reddish brown tick similar to the American dog tick. Found in woodland and woodland areas, and in open grasslands, this species mainly transmits Colorado spotted tick fever, Q fever, and tularemia.

  • Gulf Coast ticks

Ranging in color from dark gray to bluish as well as yellowish-white, this species is found along the Atlantic coast and the Gulf of Mexico, and is capable of transmitting rickettsia to humans.

the reviewer

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