Diseases that ticks can transmit to your dog

In Spain there are more than 50 species of ticks, but there is an especially dangerous one of the Hyalomma genus that transmits the Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus, a disease that is fatal for an average of between 10% and 15% of those infected. In the same way, ticks can transmit diseases to dogs, just like dogs transmit diseases to people. It must be taken into account that ticks are the arthropods that can transport the most bacteria, viruses and parasites to people and animals. In summer, tick plagues tend to proliferate, so recurrent deworming is very important. Next, we will tell you about the diseases that ticks transmit.

What are ticks?

The ixodoids (Ixodoidea) are a superfamily of mites, popularly known as ticks. They are hematophagous ectoparasites (they feed on blood) and are vectors of numerous infectious diseases, including typhus and Lyme disease. Therefore, they are parasites that feed on the blood of our domestic animals, especially dogs, although they attack mammals such as cats and humans. With their eight legs that they use to attach to the skin of the animal they parasitize, they first pierce the skin layer, and then suck the blood.

What diseases do ticks transmit to dogs?

1. Canine erhlichiosis

Caused by Erhlichia canis and tick-borne Rhipicephalus sanguineus. According to Animal Expert: “This is a bacterium that affects white blood cells of the canine immune system, specifically the monocytes and lymphocytes. In the acute phase, fever, anorexia, depression, lymphadenopathy and spleen enlargement, hemorrhages, uveitis, vomiting, lameness or pain due to polyarthritis, gait disturbances and respiratory distress occur.

2. Anaplasmosis

According to the Boston Public Health Commission: “Anaplasmosis, also known as human granulocytic anaplasmosis (HGA), is a tick-borne disease caused by the bacteria, Anaplasma phagocytophilum.” It can also be transmitted by bacteria Anaplasma platystransmitted by the tick Rhipicephalus sanguineus, which affects canine platelets, producing a drop in their total count and resulting in hemorrhages of different sizes and locations.

3. Lyme disease

occurs by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi Y the vector Ixodes ricinus and Ixodes scapularisbeing able to produce fever, intermittent lameness, arthritis and, in more serious cases, kidney damage due to immune-mediated glomerulonephritis, arrhythmias or nervous disorders.

4. Babesiosis

With respect to babesiosis, is a rare, serious and sometimes fatal disease caused by ticks. It is caused by several types of Babesias, a microscopic parasite that infects red blood cells. In New York State, the parasite that causes the disease is the Babesia microti. The parasite is transmitted by ticks and attacks red blood cells.

5. Hepatozoonosis

Hepatozoon is a genus of protists that cause canine hepatozoonosis, a systemic parasitic disease that affects dogs. It is transmitted by ingestion of ticks carrying the species Rhipicephalus sanguineus. that cause a reaction immunosuppression that favors the appearance of secondary diseases.

6. Viral encephalitis

According to Animal Expert: “Viruses caused by a flavivirus described in the group of human diseases, which can also affect our dogs and cats in which produces fever and neurological signs.”

7. Mediterranean boutonneuse fever

The mediterranean boutonneuse fever, also called tick typhus, is an acute, zoonotic infectious disease caused by the bacterium Rickettsia conorii and transmitted by the brown dog tick Rhipicephalus sanguineus. It can produce acute clinical signs in dogs, which are more predisposed to this disease than cats.

8. Tularemia

According to Animal Expert: “Hepatozoon is a genus of protists that cause canine hepatozoonosis, a systemic parasitic disease that affects dogs. It is transmitted by ingestion of ticks carrying the Rhipicephalus sanguineus species that cause an immunosuppressive reaction that favors the appearance of secondary diseases.”