Square meters, food and walks: what you should know for the good treatment of animals

A pet requires commitment, responsibility and affection. Therefore, before having one, a series of considerations must be taken into account. The first is related to the place where you live, that is, if it is a house, apartment, urban or agricultural land and, according to that background, make the decision about the type of pet and size that you should choose.

Luis Riquelme, professor of Veterinary Medicine at the Andrés Bello University explains that, although there is no formula, some experts and breeders speak of one pet for every 100 m2 (dog or cat).

On this subject, Law 21,020 does not refer to minimum or maximum space, although the Ministry of Health did make a regulation proposal in 2016 to regulate hygiene and safety conditions for keeping animals in homes and public and private premises. .

So, what surface is the ideal for our animals? Simply, it is obtained by determining the degree of well-being and comfort observed, which some would warn as the degree of happiness of our pets.

“But the truth is that what we must consider apart from size and breed is: sex, age, function of the animal (company, work, therapy, sport), level of activity,” he says.

This is because today in many cases, in addition to being companions, animals can perform a series of tasks such as patient care, search and detection, work, early warning, sports, among others.

“This has also generated a greater challenge for both guardians and veterinarians, who must provide care to our animals,” he says.

Defining spaces and routines

The veterinarian explains that there will be some animals suitable for apartments or small spaces and others that will be suitable for open and extensive spaces, an area that may or may not be related to their size: “The frequency of walks and physical work that we can do play a fundamental role here. develop”.

On this point, there is no formula either, “it is necessary to mention that it is convenient to take them for a walk at least twice a day. Above all, in the case of those who live in small or indoor spaces, in order to exercise, socialize and also fulfill their ‘biological needs’”.

Additionally, access to bathing, food, water and fresh air and sun should be ensured, the latter being very necessary, especially in puppies and senescent animals.

“In the case of work or sport animals, the exercise needs will be greater, therefore, they will have to spend more time moving and outdoors,” he maintains.

How much should they eat?

Feeding frequency is related to age, breed, species, and activity. Thus, for example, explains the professional, puppies should be rationed 3 to 4 times a day, while adults and depending on their energy expenditure should eat 2 to 3 times a day and always respecting the manufacturer’s recommendations.

The water must be fresh and freely available, trying to control access to it by insects, rodents and birds that could contaminate it. In the case of cats, they must maintain a continuous availability to water and food since by their nature they must eat every 2 to 3 hours and not go through fasting periods of more than 12 hours. For them an excellent choice is the use of automatic drinkers and feeders.

“These and other recommendations must be accompanied by vaccination plans, regular check-ups, both internal and external deworming, in this way we ensure that the environment where our pet will live is clean and risk-free for both them and their guardians,” he concludes.

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